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- It is manufactured from fluoranthene and succinic anhydride in the presence of aluminum chloride in a nitrobenzene solution. (US PATENT 2,560,425 (1951 To Miles Lab)).
- Many simple monosubstituted aromatic compounds bearing the deuterated phenyl (C6D5) group may be purchased commercially, such as aniline, acetophenone, nitrobenzene, bromobenzene, and more.
- It can be produced from nitrobenzene by electrolytic conversion to phenylhydroxylamine, which spontaneously rearranges to 4-aminophenol.
- It is mainly used as a precursor to 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, an intermediate in the synthesis of agrochemicals.
- Alternatively, it can be prepared by transfer hydrogenation of nitrobenzene using hydrazine as an H2 source over a rhodium catalyst.
- A modern synthesis entails reduction of nitrobenzene to phenylhydroxylamine (C6H5NHOH) which is then oxidized by sodium dichromate (Na2Cr2O7).
- Kinetite was an explosive material patented in 1884 by T. Petry and O. Fallenstein, It was manufactured by dissolving gun cotton in nitrobenzene.
- In organic nomenclature, the nitryl moiety is known as the nitro group. For instance, nitryl benzene is normally called nitrobenzene (PhNO2).
- In this example, nitrobenzene serves as both the solvent and the oxidizing agent.
- 1,2,4,5-Tetrachloro-3-nitrobenzene is also a fungicide used to prevent dry rot and sprouting on potatoes during storage.
- "Rackarock" consisted of potassium chlorate and nitrobenzene.
- Nitrobenzene is prepared by nitration of benzene with a mixture of concentrated sulfuric acid, water, and nitric acid.
- 1,3-Dinitrobenzene is accessible by nitration of nitrobenzene.
- It undergoes the reactions typical for nitrobenzene derivatives, e.g.
- The nitration of 1,2-dichlorobenzene mainly produces 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, together with smaller amounts of the 3-nitro isomer.
- The reduction of nitrobenzene to aniline was first performed by Nikolay Zinin in 1842, using inorganic sulfide as a reductant (Zinin reaction).
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Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English only).
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