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- The chieftainship was founded by Zwangendaba, a former general of King Shaka of the Zulu, who fled the mfecane.
- In the 1820s the cattle-herding Zulu, led by their king Shaka, embarked on an aggressive campaign of conquest and expansion known as the mfecane.
- Mfecane (Zulu), also known as the Difaqane or Lifaqane (Sesotho), is an African expression which means something like "the crushing" or "scattering".
- Expansion of the Zulu Kingdom in South Africa in the early 19th century was a major factor of the Mfecane, a mass-migration of tribes fleeing the Zulus.
- Julian Cobbing. "The Mfecane as Alibi: Thoughts on Dithakong and Mbolompo". "Journal of African History", 29, 1988.
- Their most famous issue was Mzilikazi and Mbulazi, an influential figure in the mfecane, and founder of the Northern Ndebele nation.
- The Zulu people believe that he is responsible for mfecane that is falsely attributed to Shaka. Who, in fact, unified the Zulu-speaking peoples into a formidable kingdom.
- This area was once the home of King Zwide, a late 18th-century Ndwandwe monarch who was eventually defeated by Shaka at the beginning of the Mfecane wars.
- This place was inhabited by AmaHlubi and AmaNgwane who moved to the area during the Mfecane/Difaqane Wars.
- The Matabele were descendants of a faction of the Zulu people who fled north during the reign of Shaka following the "mfecane" ("the crushing") or "difaqane" ("the scattering").
- The ripple effect caused by these mass migrations would become known (though only in the twentieth century) as the "Mfecane/Difaqane" (annihilation).
- The AmaBhele were scattered in different directions of Southern Africa during the chaos of the Mfecane wars, many people were forced to migrate to safer areas of Southern Africa.
- After the defeat by Mzilikazi during the Mfecane they settled in the area now known as Sekhukhuneland in Limpopo Province.
- Much of the written history about the Tsonga regards the aftermath of the mfecane where the Nguni people overran many of the pre-existing African tribes of South Africa, Eswatini, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.
- The debate and controversy within Southern African historiography over the Mfecane has been compared to similar debates about the Beaver Wars of the seventeenth century in northeastern North America, due to the alleged similarity of the narratives of indigenous "self-vanishing" that were propagated by apologists for European colonialism about the Mfecane and the Beaver Wars.
- By the 1830s the Bokoni homesteads and terraces were abandoned. This destruction of the Bokoni was propelled by the Mfecane. This is also the estimated time the Blaauboschkraal ruins were abandoned.
- King Shaka’s Mfecane during the early 1800s added to their displacement from this area.
- Sotho-speakers know this period as the "difaqane" ("forced migration"); while Zulu-speakers call it the "mfecane" ("crushing").
© dict.cc English-German dictionary 2023
Enthält Übersetzungen von der TU Chemnitz sowie aus Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (nur Englisch/Deutsch).
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