Cestoni's research on cinchona was important at the time.
Castelli seems to have had but little knowledge of the cinchona, and no experience in its medicinal application.
After learning agriculture, six years later by 18 he was sent to the Hakgala Botanical Garden, in charge of the cinchona plantation there.
James Alexander Gammie (12 November 1839 - 13 April 1924) was a Kew-trained Scottish gardener and botanist known for his work in raising cinchona plantations in Mungpoo in northeastern India and in introducing a process for the extraction of cinchona alkaloids at the factory in Rungbee.
William Graham McIvor (1824 or 1825 - 8 June 1876) was a Scottish gardener and superintendent of the Neilgherry Cinchona plantations in Ootacamund, India who was responsible for the successful introduction of cinchona plants in the Nilgiris in the 1860s.
Quinquina uses cinchona as a main flavouring ingredient. Brands of this type of aromatised wine aperitif include Lillet, Dubonnet and Byrrh.
Spanish Jesuit missionaries were the first to bring cinchona to Europe.
"Tetragonoderus cinchona" is a species of beetle in the family Carabidae.
Cinchona based liqueurs are very popular in Italy under the generic name of China (pronounced Kee-nah), the Italian name of cinchona.
Cinchotannic acid is a tannin contained in many cinchona barks, which by oxidation rapidly yields a dark-coloured phlobaphene called "red cinchonic", "cinchono-fulvic acid" or "cinchona red".
Kukuihaele is the site of the original Hawaiian Island stand of cinchona trees, from which quinine is made.
In 1640, Huan del Vego first employed the tincture of the cinchona bark for treating malaria; the native Indians of Peru and Ecuador had been using it even earlier for treating fevers.
"Cinchona pubescens", also known as red cinchona and quina (Kina) ([...] "Cascarilla, cinchona"; [...] "quina-do-amazonas, quineira"), is native to Central and South America.
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