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- Between the 7th and 11th centuries, Jewish scribes, called the Masoretes and located in Galilee, Jerusalem and Babylonia, established the Masoretic Text, which became the orthodox text of the Hebrew Bible.
- These notes were added because the Masoretes recognized the possibility of human error in copying the Hebrew Bible.
- As an original work by Tiberian masoretes, the Leningrad Codex was older by several centuries than the other Hebrew manuscripts which had been used for all previous editions of printed Hebrew bibles until Biblia Hebraica.
- The Masoretes were Jewish scholars in the 6th to 10th centuries C.E.
- "haNīqqūḏ haṬəḇērīyānī") is a system of diacritics ("niqqud") devised by the Masoretes of Tiberias to add to the consonantal text of the Hebrew Bible to produce the Masoretic Text.
- Until recently, the Constantinopolitan Karaites spoke Karaeo-Greek. Their Hebrew has some special features which connect them with the Tiberian Hebrew of the Tiberian Masoretes.
- Jews instead used Hebrew or Aramaic Targum manuscripts later compiled by the Masoretes and authoritative Aramaic translations, such as those of Onkelos and Rabbi Yonathan ben Uziel.
- Some sectors argue that it is inconvenient for the reading of the sacred text in that it deviates from the traditional reading established by the masoretes, while other sectors consider that this new translation will allow the new generations to get closer to the Old Hebrew text.
- Traditional chant accentuation derives from the Syriac standard, which was instituted by the scholars known as the Masoretes in the Middle Ages.
- The Masoretes devised the vowel notation system for Hebrew that is still widely used, as well as the trope symbols used for cantillation.
- The Niqqud signs and cantillation marks developed by the Masoretes are small in size compared to consonants, so they could be added to the consonantal texts without retranscribing them.
- During this period, the Masoretes of Tiberias established the "niqqud", a system of diacritical signs used to represent vowels or distinguish between alternative pronunciations of letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
© dict.cc English-German dictionary 2023
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