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- He died in Washington, D.C. on 22 June 2002 at the age of 71 from congestive heart failure related to complications of post-polio syndrome.
- DSCAM and "Dscam" are both abbreviations for Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule. By comparison, the entire "Drosophila melanogaster" genome only has 15,016 genes. The diversity of isoforms from alternative splicing of the Dscam1 gene in "D. melanogaster" allows every neuron in the fly to display a unique set of "Dscam" proteins on its cell surface. "Dscam" interaction stimulates neuronal self-avoidance mechanisms that are essential for normal neural circuit development.
- The NASA Clean Air Study found "D. trifasciata" has the potential to filter indoor air, removing 4 of the 5 main toxins involved in the effects of sick building syndrome. However, its rate of filtration is too slow for practical indoor use.
- Flashlight (also called “Flash Light”) is the final song on Parliament’s 1977 album Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome. The song finishes the album’s story of the group’s quest to defeat the evil Sir Nose d'Voidoffunk, coercing him to dance.
- Vitamin D deficiency may play some role in the development of the metabolic syndrome, and treatment of any such deficiency is indicated.
- Osteoporosis is a very common comorbidity in people with short bowel syndrome who are on parenteral nutrition, with an estimated prevalence of 57-67%. The contributing factors to the osteoporosis include malnutrition, vitamin D deficiency due to malabsorption and vitamin D deficiency due to scarce sunlight exposure due to chronic disability.
- Two cross-reactive streptococcal antigens have been identified, the M protein and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine, whereby infection leads to autoantibodies being produced against host tissues (molecular mimicry) causing a variety of streptococcal related diseases including Sydenham's chorea but also rheumatic heart disease and nephritic syndrome. Autoantibodies against basal ganglia proteins have been found in Sydenham's chorea but these are non-specific. Dopamine receptor autoantibodies have been reported to correlate with clinical symptoms. Whether these antibodies represent an epiphenomenon or are pathogenic, remains to be proven.
- Some studies reported up to 80% of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have SIBO (using the hydrogen breath test). IBS-D is associated with elevated hydrogen numbers on breath tests while IBS-C is associated with elevated methane numbers on breath tests.
- The group was founded by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 3, 1938, as a response to U.S. epidemics of polio, a condition that can leave people with permanent physical disabilities. Roosevelt was himself diagnosed with polio in 1921, although his symptoms are postulated to be more consistent with Guillain–Barré syndrome – an autoimmune neuropathy which Roosevelt's doctors failed to consider as a diagnostic possibility.
- Approximately 5–10% of FMF cases are resistant to colchicine therapy alone. In these cases, adding anakinra to the daily colchicine regimen has been successful. Canakinumab, an anti-interleukin-1-beta monoclonal antibody, has likewise been shown to be effective in controlling and preventing flare-ups in patients with colchicine-resistant FMF and in two additional autoinflammatory recurrent fever syndromes: mevolonate kinase deficiency (hyper-immunoglobulin D syndrome, or HIDS) and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS).
- P. Courbon and G. Fail first reported the condition in a 1927 paper ("Syndrome d'illusion de Frégoli et schizophrénie"). They described a 27-year-old woman living in London who believed she was being persecuted by two actors she often saw at the theatre. She believed these people pursued her closely, taking the form of people she knew or met.
- A fighter who becomes unconscious from a strike with sufficient knockout power is referred to as having been "knocked out" or "KO'd" ("kay-ohd"). Losing balance without losing consciousness is referred to as being "knocked down" ("down but not out"). Repeated blows to the head, regardless of whether they cause loss of consciousness, may in severe cases cause strokes or paralysis in the immediacy, and over time have been linked to permanent neurodegenerative diseases such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy ("punch-drunk syndrome"). Because of this, many physicians advise against sports involving knockouts.
- The deletion of the 48 copies of the C/D box snoRNA SNORD116 has been shown to be the primary cause of Prader–Willi syndrome. state that "ncRNA" and "fRNA" are nearly synonymous, however others have pointed out that a large proportion of annotated ncRNAs likely have no function. It also has been suggested to simply use the term "RNA", since the distinction from a protein coding RNA (messenger RNA) is already given by the qualifier "mRNA". This eliminates the ambiguity when addressing a gene "encoding a non-coding" RNA. Besides, there may be a number of ncRNAs that are misannoted in published literature and datasets.
- When the silly window syndrome is created by the receiver, David D Clark's solution is used. [...] Clark's solution closes the window until another segment of maximum segment size (MSS) can be received or the buffer is half empty.
- In support of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, a nurse who witnessed three intact D&E procedures found them deeply disturbing, and described one performed on a 26½-week fetus with Down Syndrome in testimony before a Judiciary subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives.
- Sharp dilation and curettage (D&C), also known as "sharp curettage", was once the standard of care in situations requiring uterine evacuation. However, vacuum aspiration has a number of advantages over sharp D&C and has largely replaced D&C in many settings. Manual vacuum aspiration has been found to have lower rates of incomplete evacuation and retained products of conception in the uterus. Sharp curettage has also been associated with Asherman's Syndrome, whereas vacuum aspiration has not been found to have this longer term complication. Overall, vacuum aspiration has been found to have lower rates of complications when compared to D&C.
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