⇄SuchrichtungÜbersetzung für 'osmotic gradient' von Englisch nach Deutsch
NOUN   an osmotic gradient | osmotic gradients
osmotic gradient
osmotischer Gradient {m}
1 Übersetzung
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Übersetzung für 'osmotic gradient' von Englisch nach Deutsch

osmotic gradient
osmotischer Gradient {m}anat.
Anwendungsbeispiele Englisch
  • The osmotic gradient is the difference in concentration between two solutions on either side of a semipermeable membrane, and is used to tell the difference in percentages of the concentration of a specific particle dissolved in a solution.
  • During this process, water enters the embryo, aided by an osmotic gradient which is the result of sodium–potassium pumps that produce a high sodium gradient on the basolateral side of the trophectoderm.
  • This changes the osmotic gradient of the cell, resulting in changes to turgor pressure in plant cells by water and solute flux across cell membranes.
  • This active transport enables the kidney to establish an osmotic gradient that is essential to the kidneys ability to concentrate the urine past isotonicity.
  • The primary purpose of osmotherapy is to improve elasticity and decrease intracranial volume by removing free water, accumulated as a result of cerebral edema, from brain's extracellular and intracellular space into vascular compartment by creating an osmotic gradient between the blood and brain.
  • This results in an osmotic gradient that draws water out of the affected cells, so that they temporarily shrink.
  • Animals with a need for very concentrated urine (such as desert animals) have very long loops of Henle to create a very large osmotic gradient.
  • It is possible to couple a thermodynamically favorable reaction (a transition from a high-energy state to a lower-energy state) to a thermodynamically unfavorable reaction (such as a separation of charges, or the creation of an osmotic gradient), in such a way that the overall free energy of the system decreases (making it thermodynamically possible), while useful work is done at the same time.
  • Eighty percent of aqueous humor production is carried out through active secretion mechanisms (the Na+K+ATPase enzyme creating an osmotic gradient for the passage of water into the posterior chamber) and twenty percent is produced through the ultrafiltration of plasma.
  • This is also the reason why oil extraction via osmosis is also a frequent misconception, as the sugar cannot dissolve in the oil, there can be no sugar-solute based osmotic gradient.
  • This fall in sodium concentration will create an osmotic gradient between intra- and extra- fluid within the brain, leading to net fluid shift away from intra-vascular compartment resulting in cerebral oedema and raised intra-cranial pressure.
  • This allows for a countercurrent exchange system whereby the medulla becomes increasingly concentrated, but at the same time setting up an osmotic gradient for water to follow should the aquaporins of the collecting duct be opened by ADH.
  • This causes the cell wall to weaken due to fewer cross-links and means water uncontrollably flows into the cell because it cannot maintain the correct osmotic gradient.
  • The power plant uses the osmotic gradient that occurs when fresh water and salt water meet, separated by a permeable membrane.
  • The blood-brain barrier is intact and maintains the osmotic gradient.
  • Osmotic effects are made apparent when swimming in freshwater pools, because the osmotic gradient draws water from the pool into the corneal tissue (the pool water is hypotonic), causing edema, and subsequently leaving the swimmer with "cloudy" or "misty" vision for a short period thereafter.
  • This builds an osmotic gradient across the vesicle membrane, leading to influx of water from the cytosol into the vesicles by osmosis, which is facilitated by aquaporins.
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Enthält Übersetzungen von der TU Chemnitz sowie aus Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (nur Englisch/Deutsch).
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