⇄SuchrichtungÜbersetzung für 'osmotically' von Englisch nach Deutsch
osmotically {adv}osmotisch
osmotically active {adj}osmotisch aktiv
2 Übersetzungen
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Übersetzung für 'osmotically' von Englisch nach Deutsch

osmotically {adv}

osmotically active {adj}
osmotisch aktiv
Anwendungsbeispiele Englisch
  • It is the hypertonicity of this zone, resorbing water osmotically from the renal collecting ducts as they exit the kidney, that makes possible the excretion of a hypertonic urine and maximum conservation of body water.
  • High levels of stimulation and subsequent ionic influx through activated ion channels can result in cellular swelling as osmotically-obliged water is drawn into neurons along with ionic solutes.
  • During slow cooling, ice forms extracellularly, causing water to osmotically leave cells, thereby dehydrating them.
  • Saline laxatives are non-absorbable osmotically active substances that attract and retain water in the intestinal lumen, increasing intraluminal pressure that mechanically stimulates evacuation of the bowel.
  • Whole bowel irrigation (WBI) is a medical process involving the rapid administration of large volumes of an osmotically balanced macrogol solution (GoLYTELY, CoLyte), either orally or via a nasogastric tube, to flush out the entire gastrointestinal tract.
  • Clinically the osmolar gap is used to detect the presence of an osmotically active particle that is not normally found in plasma, usually a toxic alcohol such as ethanol, methanol or isopropyl alcohol.
  • Because the fish need a large surface area in their gills in contact with seawater for gas exchange, they lose water osmotically to the sea from gill cells.
  • All four are osmotically active substances found in humans. Accordingly, intoxications as listed below are reasons for an increased osmolar gap.
  • New methods for membrane brine concentration, employing osmotically assisted reverse osmosis and related processes, are beginning to gain ground as part of zero liquid discharge systems (ZLD).
  • Any osmotically active agent that is filtered by the glomerulus but not reabsorbed causes water to be retained in these segments and promotes a water diuresis.
  • One unexploited application is to 'soften' or pre-treat the feedwater to multi stage flash (MSF) or multiple effect distillation (MED) plants by osmotically diluting the recirculating brine with the cooling water.
  • The epithelium of the lower intestine absorbs a large amount of sodium chloride, and water follows osmotically to be reabsorbed into the blood stream.
  • Lost blood volume is replaced osmotically from water in body cells and other body compartments, causing dehydration and increased thirst (polydipsia).
  • Spheroplasts are osmotically fragile, and will lyse if transferred to a hypotonic solution.
  • Saltwater is less dilute than these internal fluids, so saltwater fish lose large quantities of water osmotically through their gills.
  • When a plant is exposed to water deficit, it may accumulate a variety of osmotically active compounds such as amino acids and sugars, resulting in a lowering of the osmotic potential.
  • Macrogol is an osmotically acting laxative; that is, an inert substance that passes through the gut without being absorbed into the body.
  • Water in the tubular lumen cannot follow the sodium reabsorption osmotically, as this part of the kidney is impermeable to water; release of ADH (vasopressin) is required to increase expression of aquaporin channels in the cortical collecting duct, allowing reabsorption of water.
  • According to the Boyle–v'ant Hoff Relation, the product of osmotic potential and volume of solution should be a constant for any given amount of osmotically active solutes in an ideal osmotic system.
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Enthält Übersetzungen von der TU Chemnitz sowie aus Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (nur Englisch/Deutsch).
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