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 Translation for 'atomic nucleus' from English to Bulgarian
NOUN   an atomic nucleus | atomic nuclei / atomic nucleusus
физ.
atomic nucleus {noun}
атомно ядро {ср}
физ.химия
atomic {adj}
атомен
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Translation for 'atomic nucleus' from English to Bulgarian

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atomic nucleus {noun}
атомно ядро {ср}физ.

atomic {adj}
атоменфиз.химия
Usage Examples English
  • The atomic number or nuclear charge number (symbol "Z") of a chemical element is the charge number of an atomic nucleus.
  • Protons and neutrons are baryons, joined by gluons to form the atomic nucleus.
  • For example, the sum of translational and rotational kinetic and potential energy within a system is referred to as mechanical energy, whereas nuclear energy refers to the combined potentials within an atomic nucleus from either the nuclear force or the weak force, among other examples.
  • Alpha decay or α-decay is a type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle (helium nucleus) and thereby transforms or 'decays' into a different atomic nucleus, with a mass number that is reduced by four and an atomic number that is reduced by two.
  • For example, the differential cross section of Rutherford scattering provided strong evidence for the existence of the atomic nucleus.

  • Formation of the carbon atomic nucleus occurs within a giant or supergiant star through the triple-alpha process.
  • The electrons of an atom are attracted to the protons in an atomic nucleus by the electromagnetic force.
  • The theory is also used in nuclear physics to describe the pairing interaction between nucleons in an atomic nucleus.
  • Thomson in 1904 soon after the discovery of the electron, but before the discovery of the atomic nucleus, the model tried to explain two properties of atoms then known: that electrons are negatively charged particles and that atoms have no net electric charge.
  • In physics and chemistry, a nucleon is either a proton or a neutron, considered in its role as a component of an atomic nucleus.

  • Throughout the 1920s, physicists assumed that the atomic nucleus was composed of protons and "nuclear electrons" Observed properties of atoms and molecules were inconsistent with the nuclear spin expected from the proton–electron hypothesis.
  • Bohr developed the Bohr model of the atom, in which he proposed that energy levels of electrons are discrete and that the electrons revolve in stable orbits around the atomic nucleus but can jump from one energy level (or orbit) to another.
  • For instance, the motion of a spacecraft, regarding its orbit and attitude (rotation), is described by the relativistic theory of classical mechanics, while the analogous movements of an atomic nucleus are described by quantum mechanics.
  • The pursuit of a high-quantum-energy laser using transitions between isomeric states of an atomic nucleus has been the subject of wide-ranging academic research since the early 1970s.
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Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English only).
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