Translation for 'axon' from English to Icelandic
NOUN   an axon | axons
SYNO axon | axone
taugasími {k}
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Translation for 'axon' from English to Icelandic

taugasími {k}líffærafr.
Usage Examples English
  • If the entire surface of an axon were insulated, action potentials could not be regenerated along the axon resulting in signal degradation.
  • The axon can synapse onto a dendrite, onto a cell body, or onto another axon or axon terminal, as well as into the bloodstream or diffusely into the adjacent nervous tissue.
  • LNGFR also activates a caspase-dependent signaling pathway that promotes developmental axon pruning, and axon degeneration in neurodegenerative disease.
  • Action potentials travel faster in a larger axon than a smaller one, and squid have evolved the giant axon to improve the speed of their escape response.
  • The survival of some sensory neurons depends on axon terminals making contact with sources of survival factors that prevent apoptosis.

  • An axo-axonic synapse is a type of synapse, formed by one neuron projecting its axon terminals onto another neuron’s axon.
  • The axon hillock also delineates separate membrane domains between the cell body and axon.
  • Magnocellular neurosecretory cells in rats (where these neurons have been most extensively studied) in general have a single long varicose axon, which projects to the posterior pituitary.
  • FMI-1’s extracellular domain influences follower axon navigation throughout the mediation of pioneer - follower axon adhesion and its intracellular domain is necessary for signal transduction for pioneer axon navigation.
  • The surge of depolarization traveling from the axon hillock to the axon terminal is known as an action potential.

  • Most neurons receive signals via the dendrites and soma and send out signals down the axon.
  • The Mauthner cell axon hillock is surrounded by a dense formation of neuropil, called the axon cap.
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Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English only).
Links to this dictionary or to individual translations are very welcome!