Translation for 'centromere' from English to Russian
NOUN   centromere | centromeres
SYNO centromere | kinetochore
центромера {ж}
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Translation for 'centromere' from English to Russian

центромера {ж}биол.
Usage Examples English
  • An alternative transcript of the CENPM gene encodes a leukocyte antigen that is selectively expressed in B-lymphoid cells. Centromere protein M is involved in centromere assembly and immune response.
  • Anti-centromere antibodies are found in approximately 60% of patients with limited systemic scleroderma and in 15% of those with the diffuse form of scleroderma.
  • Centromere protein B also known as major centromere autoantigen B is an autoantigen protein of the cell nucleus. In humans, centromere protein B is encoded by the CENPB gene.
  • Aurora B also interacts with mitotic centromere-associated kinesin (MCAK).
  • Isochromosomes can be created during mitosis and meiosis through a misdivision of the centromere or U-type strand exchange.

  • Working with Steven Henikoff, Malik developed the concept of centromere-drive, a mechanism that explains the unusual genetic conflicts that arise during meiosis.
  • Monocentric chromosomes as compared to holocentric chromosomes where the entire length of the chromosome acts as the centromere.
  • That neocentromeres and conventional centromeres do not share consistent chromatin environment should also be taken into account in questioning the epigenetic regulation of centromere formation.—conventional and neocentromeres share very few modifications but arguably still maintain the same function of a centromere.
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Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English only).
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